Learning the Quran is a lifelong journey toward understanding the divine words of Allah. There are many different ways to learn the Quran, but some are more effective than others. In this article, we will know what is the best way to learn Quran, including memorization, understanding the meanings, recitation, and more.
How should a beginner start reading the Quran?
Learning the Quran is a great blessing and is a source of guidance and inspiration for every Muslim. Memorizing the Quran can be a challenging task and requires a lot of dedication and focus. However, with the right tools and strategies, anyone can learn the Quran quickly and effectively.
As a beginner you may ask, can I learn Quran by myself? Actually, it is advisable to join either conventional or online Quran classes in a well-trusted Quran academy. This will save you much more time and effort than studying Quran by yourself. In addition to that, listening to Quran from a native Quran tutor and letting him correct your pronunciation is definitely helpful, especially for beginners.
Additionally, joining Arabic language online classes to learn the basics of the Arabic language is helpful if you wish to understand the meanings of the Quran, which is the main aim of learning the Quran.
Easy way to learn Quran for beginners
The Quran is the ultimate source of guidance and knowledge in Islam. Its teachings are essential for the spiritual, moral, and intellectual development of Muslims. As such, it is important to find the best way to learn the Quran and its teachings.
The best way to learn Quran is to combine traditional and modern approaches. This includes hiring a reliable Quran teacher, studying the Arabic language, using online apps and websites, reading a translation of the Quran, and engaging in activities such as memorization, reflection, and discussion.
- Setting realistic goals
The “SMART” goal strategy also applies to studying the Quran. Setting your Quran study goals that are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-Bound is necessary to achieve the best results. Even though you may be enthusiastic about learning Quran in the least time possible, you should be careful not to set unrealistic goals that may lead to procrastination later on.
- Seeking guidance from an expert Quran teacher
Seeking a native qualified Quran teacher is absolutely necessary if you intend to start learning the Quran. This is because being guided by a teacher can save you a lot of time and effort searching within books and looking for resources that can help you understand the rules of tajweed, the correct pronunciation as well as the meanings of the verses especially if you are not familiar with the Arabic language.
- Use online apps and websites
Online learning is one of the most convenient and effective methods for learning the Quran. Since technology has made learning the Quran easier than ever before. You can now access an infinite number of pre-recorded Quran sessions from your home and whenever you want. Although this is one of the best ways to learn the Quran, it is not enough for a beginner to master tajweed and other Quran-related subjects.
- Read Quran translation
Reading the Quran translation can help you comprehend the message that Allah has revealed, and you will gain a deeper understanding of the meaning and wisdom of the holy book. It can also help you increase your faith and connection with Allah and His messenger. When you reflect on the meanings of the Quran you will also be able to apply the teachings of Islam in your daily life and become a better Muslim.
- Join Quran halaqas
Quran halaqas are study groups, where you can join other Muslim brothers/sisters, these halaqas are often guided by a Quran teacher that helps you with the rules of tajweed and corrects your recitation.
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
“People will not sit in an assembly in which they remember Allah without the angels surrounding them, mercy covering them, and Allah mentioning them among those who are with Him.” Related by Muslim.
- Breaking down pages into manageable sections
You may find it difficult to study a whole page of the Quran at once, by dividing the page into two or three sections, studying each section separately then testing yourself before moving to the next one, it will be easier for you to memorize, remember it is all about the quality, not the quantity of what you memorize.
- Listening to Quran audio recordings
Another advice for Muslims who wonder what is the best way to learn Quran is to listen to Audio Recordings of the Holy Quran that are now available everywhere on the Internet. You can easily choose your favorite Sheikh and listen to the Quran recitation wherever you are. This is one of the best ways to learn the Quran since it makes the verses familiar to your ears and so it will take you less effort to memorize them afterward.
- Memorizing Quran with friends
Having a study companion is the perfect way to keep on going with your study plan. A Muslim friend who is keen on learning the Quran can encourage you to progress better and you will help each other understand any unclear topic. In addition to that, learning the Quran together will strengthen the bonds of brotherhood and friendship between you.
What is the best way to learn Quran fast?
A lot of Muslims ask, what is the best way to learn Quran fast? The answer to this question is that learning the Quran in a short time should not be your first goal. This is because what comes fast goes faster in addition to that not all of us have the same learning capacity. This means not all of us have the same ability to retain the information we study.
Hence, it is recommended to pay attention to the quality rather than the quantity of what you study. Here are some tips that will help you study the Holy Quran fast and easily.
1- Persistence and pure intention
Learning the Quran can be a challenging task and requires dedication and commitment. Just the same as anything you study, learning the Quran requires persistence. Through your learning journey, it is normal to experience ups and downs, this can be avoided by renewing your intention and reminding yourself of the infinite benefits of learning the Holy Quran.
2- Making Duaa (supplication) to Allah
Even though we are obliged to do our best to learn the words of Allah (SWT), we shall not forget that asking Allah to grant us success in our learning journey is one of the most important causes of achieving our goals; as Allah (SWT) said in the Quran:
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad s.a.w.) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be on the right path.” – (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:186)
3- Focusing and avoiding distractors
To memorize the Quran fast you should avoid all sorts of distractions during your study sessions. Hence, it is advisable to choose a quiet and comfortable place to study and turn off all your electronic devices to avoid being distracted during your Quran memorization session.
4- Repetition of verses
When you study a specific surah for the first time you have to repeat the verses as much as possible and then test yourself, if you still have mistakes then you should repeat the verses once more till you grab them right. It would be more beneficial if you read the verses aloud since the more senses you engage during the learning process the faster you can master the subject.
5- Setting a Revision schedule
In order to move the verses you already memorized into your long-term memory it is crucial to set a revision schedule. Otherwise, you will easily forget all that you have memorized. Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Read the Qur’an regularly. By the One in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, it escapes from memory faster than a camel does from its tying ropes.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
What is the best way to learn Quran? A common question that we receive from students who wish to become Hafiz. In fact, learning Quran can be a daunting task, but with proper planning and dedication, it is possible to learn the Quran easily and fast.
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The Holy Quran is the ultimate source of guidance for mankind. It is full of blessings and spiritual rewards for those who study and recite it. If you are a non-Arab Muslim you may be wondering how to read Quran if you don’t know Arabic. This is what we will discuss in this article.
Does the Quran have to be read in Arabic?
Before we proceed with explaining how to read Quran if you don’t know Arabic. We need to reflect on the reasons why the Quran was revealed in Arabic and whether it is acceptable to read the Holy Quran in any other language.
When it comes to reading the Holy Quran,
Some Muslims believe that it is enough to comprehend the meanings of the verses by reading the translation and interpretation of the Holy Quran in their native language.
While others recite the Holy Quran in Arabic without an understanding of the purpose of the Quranic verses, or reflecting on the wisdom and meaning of each verse.
Actually, the ideal method is to read the Quran translation and interpretation in order to deeply understand Allah’s orders and prohibitions and apply that in your daily life, without neglecting the spiritual benefit of reciting the words of Allah in the same way they were initially revealed upon our beloved prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
How to Read Quran if You Don’t Know Arabic
Many ways can help you learn the Quran if the Arabic language is not your mother tongue, some of which are mentioned below.
- Choose a reliable Quran translation to read
No Quran translation can be 100% equivalent to the Holy Quran; since Quran translations are human words that by no means can be compared to Allah’s words.
In spite of that, there is nothing wrong with reading the Quran in your native tongue; but it is advisable to choose a reliable and accurate translation. In fact, experts today advise doing so to better understand it. Reading without understanding opposes the intent of the Quran, and doing without comprehension is impossible. The Quran is a life instruction manual, and we cannot use an instruction manual that we do not actually comprehend.
So, read it in Arabic for its benefits, but you must read it in your native tongue to comprehend and act. And if you practice Islam, you should try to acquire Arabic over time so that you can read and understand at the same time.
- Enroll in online Arabic classes
While learning Arabic is advised in a hadith because it is Allah’s favorite language, and the one He chose to reveal the Holy Quran, and the language spoken on the Day of Judgment and in Heaven afterward, reading the Quran in Arabic has its own spiritual link to Allah (SWT). Therefore, it is recommended to join online Arabic classes so that you can comprehend the message of the Quran, this incredible blessing that Allah (SWT) granted us.
- Listen to Quran from your favorite reciter
Even if you don’t understand Arabic, listening to the Quran from your favorite reciter can be a powerful way to connect with the words of Allah and experience its divine power. It can help you improve your connection with Allah.It can also help bring peace and tranquility to your life. There are many different recitations available online and on audio recordings, so it is easy to find one that speaks to you.
In addition to that, if you continue listening to the Quran on a daily basis, the verses will be familiar to your ears and later on, you will find it easier to learn them by heart.
- Study Surah Al Fatihah
“Surah Al Fatihah” is the first chapter of the Quran and it should be recited in every prayer. Surah Al Fatihah is often referred to as the “Mother of the Quran”. It is a short chapter consisting of seven verses that praise and glorify Allah, ask for His guidance and mercy, and ask for protection from evil.
Studying Surah Al Fatihah in Arabic is essential for every Muslim in order to be able to correctly perform prayers which is one of the pillars of Islam.
- Join online Quran halaqas
One of the most beneficial things to do if you are asking how to read Quran if you don’t know Arabic is to join “Quran halaqas” which are regular meetings of Muslims who come together to recite and study the Quran. You can either attend halaqas in a nearby Islamic Center or join an online Quran halaqah for a more flexible learning schedule.
There are numerous benefits of joining a Quran halaqa, such as increased knowledge of the Quran and its teachings, improved spiritual understanding and connection to God, and strengthened bonds with fellow Muslims.
- Listen to Tafseer lectures that explain the meaning of Quranic verses
Another way that could help you if you are asking how to read Quran if you don’t know Arabic is to listen to tafseer lectures from your favorite Muslim scholars as they explain translations of the Quran, including linguistic nuances of the Arabic text. The words of Allah are truly beautiful, and understanding the verses makes reading the Quran an amazing experience.
Every Muslim wishes to learn Allah’s words; since there are many benefits to studying it, including increased knowledge of Allah, spiritual guidance, and increased faith. But sometimes this task becomes challenging for those who don’t speak Arabic as a native language. In this article we discussed how to read Quran if you don’t know Arabic. And suggested some methods that could help you learn Quran if you are a non arab Muslim.
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Do you wish to learn the Quran but don’t have enough time to join regular Quran classes? Then it is definitely time to consider learning the Holy Quran online.
This article discusses the best way to learn the Quran online. It looks at the various methods available such as memorization, audio recitation, visual learning, and online courses. It also looks at the benefits of each method and how they can help you improve your understanding of the Holy Quran.
Benefits of learning Quran online
There are many circumstances where the best way to learn Quran online is to join an online Quran Academy. Below are some of the benefits of learning Quran online.
- Convenience and Flexibility
One of the biggest advantages of learning Quran Online is the flexible schedule; which made studying the Holy Quran way easier than before. Online Quran learning platforms help you learn Quran at your own pace without the hassle of searching for an Islamic Center near your home.
In case you are living in a non-Muslim community with no Islamic centers in your neighborhood, Online Quran classes could be your best affordable option. Traveling to the Arab world to join face-to-face Quran classes can be costly.
If you are one of those who constantly travel for business or any other reason. An online Quran class can suit you best since you will no longer need to be committed to a fixed place to attend your Quran sessions. This will help you continue your lessons wherever you are.
How technology made learning Quran easier
Learning the Quran online has a lot of advantages and opportunities. The internet has made it simpler for us to learn Quran online. Anyone can now easily learn the Quran through social media platforms.
Therefore, online Quran learning is a growing trend among Muslim youth nowadays. It has also become increasingly popular as technology advances and makes learning the Quran easier and more accessible to everyone.
5 effective methods of learning Quran online
Various techniques may help you in your Quran learning journey, some of which are discussed below.
1- Audio-Visual learning
One of the best ways to learn Quran online is the use of audiovisual learning tools. This helps you listen to the Holy Quran being recited while following the written verses and their translation simultaneously. There are many examples of this method including the audiovisual Quran version developed by King Saud University, and many others. Though this method is helpful, it can not be used solely to learn Quran online.
2- Online Software and mobile applications
In addition to audiovisual Quran tools, many programs and applications can assist you in your Quran study. These applications include online interactive quizzes and exercises for extra practice on whatever topic you have learned. Again this is not an ideal method to learn Quran from scratch, though it may help you revise the topics that you have already mastered.
3- Pre-Recorded Lessons
With the expansion of various social media platforms, we are left with no excuse not to learn Quran. You can now access a vast number of prerecorded Quran lessons with one click. Prerecorded Quran lessons can provide you a deeper understanding of different Quran subjects. Though it lacks an important aspect in the learning process which is the follow-up it is still considered one of the best ways to learn Quran online.
4- Study online with a Hafiz friend
If you have a friend who is a Hafiz it would be a good idea to ask him to guide you through your Quran study. This is one of the best ways to learn Quran online as it can encourage you to stick to a fixed learning schedule. The only drawback of this method is the absence of a clear study curriculum which makes your study more random.
5- Live Online Quran Courses
Joining online Quran classes is the best way to learn Quran online. In addition to being more affordable, convenient, and accessible, it enables you to refine your recitation through professional guidance and follow-up. This makes your recitation more confident and fluent and allows you to recognize any recitation errors that you might not be able to spot by yourself.
The best way to learn Quran online for adults – a stepwise approach
Prior to learning the Holy Quran you should be familiar with the basics of Arabic language and the rules of tajweed. Here is a stepwise approach to the best way to learn Quran online.
- Learn Arabic
If Arabic is not your native language, it is essential to start your Quran study with the basics of the Arabic language. This includes the study of the Arabic Alphabet, vocabulary, and basic grammar rules. Studying the Arabic language is considered a solid foundation that will help you proceed with your Quran and Islamic studies in general.
- Learn Quran recitation and tajweed rules
Tajweed is the correct pronunciation of the letters of the Quran giving each letter its right as regards its characteristics and place of articulation.
Studying the rules of tajweed is crucial since any pronunciation error can totally change the meaning of the Quranic verses which is a big sin. Therefore before starting to memorize the Holy Quran it is advisable to learn its correct pronunciation by joining an online Quran recitation class with an expert native tutor.
- Join Quran memorization classes
Quran memorization is a great honor for every Muslim. It enlightens your heart and strengthens your faith and provides you with a deep understanding of Allah’s orders and prohibitions. After learning how to correctly read the Holy Quran, it is time to enroll in an online Quran memorization class, where a professional tutor will guide your study till you become a Hafiz insha’Allah.
- Acquire Ijazah certificate
After you have learned the Holy Quran by heart, the best way to stabilize what you have studied is to teach it to other Muslim brothers. An ijazah is a worldwide recognized certificate that enables you to teach the Quran to other students.
You can join ItqanQuran Ijazah program to obtain Ijazah and be one of the best Muslims that our prophet Muhammad (PBUH) named in his Hadith.
Learning Quran online best practices
- Choose the Right Quran Learning Platform.
- Find a Suitable Teacher.
- Set your study goals.
- Make a Study schedule.
- Develop a Positive learning attitude.
Best way to learn Quran online for kids
It is often challenging to persuade your children to attend online Quran classes. In order to make your kids enjoy Quran lessons, it is important to join an online Quran platform that teaches the Holy Quran through various age-appropriate activities that make the learning process engaging and informative at the same time.
That is why, at ItqanQuran we are dedicated to giving you, your kids, and your family a thorough online Islamic education. We are not just a simple online Quran school. One-on-one Quran classes are held so that the Holy Quran teacher can fully concentrate on one pupil for a full lesson. To make online Quran learning engaging, simple, and successful for students, we adopt all the methods of traditional Quran instruction along with new technology.
A study on online Vs. in-person Quran learning
A study was done in Indonesia following the COVID-19 pandemic. Since social distancing measures have pushed Muslim institutions and communities all over the world to switch to an online way of teaching the Quran and Islamic studies.
In this study, the results of a typical face-to-face class from the previous year were contrasted with the Quran reading abilities of 923 students in the online learning environment. The results showed there was no significant difference in students’ performance between students in face-to-face and online Quran reading classes.
This means that you can still achieve the same academic results through online Quran learning as in conventional in-person Quran classes.
How to pick the best online Quran Academy?
In order to choose the best online Quran academy, there are many things to consider before you decide, such as:
- Tutors’ Punctuality
Make sure before choosing the best online Quran academy that they provide a clear study plan before proceeding with your sessions. This will prevent any possible delay in your study schedule.
- Budget-friendly study fees
Among the most important points to consider while searching for a suitable online Quran platform is the economic aspect; as by joining an expensive course, you become more liable to discontinue learning after a while to cut off the expenses.
- Native Quran tutors
A professional native Quran tutor can help you make the best out of your Quran classes. Repeating the Quran verses behind your native tutor and then letting him correct your recitation errors is the best way to learn Quran online easily and fast.
Unquestionably, the Holy Quran is the guide to secure Muslims’ success in both worlds. However, hardly every country in the globe allows citizens to visit the mosque every day to study the Holy Quran. People in these countries are thus left with no choice but to choose online methods for learning the Quran. In this article, we highlighted the best ways to learn Quran online in addition to characteristics of the best online Quran platform.
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The Holy Quran is Allah’s word and the greatest miracle of Islam. You might be wondering how was the order of the Quran determined. Before we proceed with answering this question it is important to know that there is a difference between the order in which the verses of the Holy Quran were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the order of the Quranic verses present in the written version of the Quran (Uthmani Mus-haf).
As we all know, the first Quranic verse revealed to our prophet (PBUH) was: “Read, O Prophet, in the Name of your Lord Who created”. Al-‘Alaq (1). Although this verse was the first to be revealed, yet you can find it written in the last chapter of the Holy Quran (Chapter 30). So, how was the order of the Quran determined, this is what we will discuss in this article.
How Was the Order of the Quran Determined?
The Holy Quran was compiled by Uthman bin Affan and all copies that are in existence today are identical to the Uthmani Mus-haf. Below is a brief description of how is the Quran organized?
The order of Quran verses
Islamic scholars consent that the order of verses within Surahs of the Quran was determined by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) following the command of Allah (SWT).
The Prophet (PBUH) would call his scribes whenever a new chapter was revealed, meticulously dictating its contents to them while also instructing them on how to arrange it in relation to the earlier chapters. In addition to that, the companions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to pray behind him and learn the verses of the Quran by heart in the same order he recited them during daily prayers.
Many incidents were narrated in Sunnah that indicate how was the order of the Quran determined. One example is the narration from Imam Ahmad with its chain from Uthman, the son of Abu-al-As, who said: I was sitting with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when he glanced and then directed his sight and said: Angel Jibril came to me and commanded me to place this verse in this place in the chapter: (Verily, Allah commands justice, righteousness and giving the nearer…) to the end of the verse. (Quran 16:90).
Another piece of evidence that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the one who determined the order of the Quran is that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “I have been given instead of the Torah, the 7 long Surahs Saba”a Tiwaal and I have been given instead of the Zabur (Psalms of David) the mi”eem Surahs, and instead of the injeel of Esa the mathani surahs and I have been privileged with the mufassal Surahs)” Narrated by Imam Ahmed.
Who decided the order of surahs in Quran?
There are three opinions of Muslim scholars
as regards the arrangement of Surahs of the Quran within the Uthmani Mus-haf (the written version of the Quran), that can be summarized as follows:
The first opinion regarding how was the order of the Quran determined (which is the opinion of the majority of Muslim scholars) is that the Surahs of the Holy Quran were arranged by the Prophet (PBUH) following the commands of Allah revealed to him through the Angel Jebreel (PBUH).
The evidence of this is the hadith narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari 3376 that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Gabriel would come to me to revise the Quran once every year. This year he revised with me twice. I do not think it means anything but that my term will come to an end”.
Thus, it is evident that the Sahaabah’s efforts were focused only on collecting the Quran in one book rather than organizing its sequence. The Quran was revealed in stages as needed from al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, Allah then sent it down in its entirety to the first heaven, and the order in which it was revealed is different from the order in which it is recited.
The second opinion of Muslim scholars regarding how was the order of the Quran determined is that the Quran was arranged by the companions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) after his death.
While the third opinion of Muslim scholars regarding how was the order of the Quran determined is that only some of the Surahs of the Quran were arranged during the reign of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), whereas the rest of the Surahs were arranged later after his death by his companions.
How was the Holy Quran revealed?
Instead of being revealed as a whole book in a single revelation act, the Quran was revealed bit by bit over the course of 23 years. There are several causes for this, however, the following are the most significant ones:
- To teach Muslims how to deal with daily situations
There are numerous instances of situations where certain behavior is blamed and corrected in the Quran. Both Muslims in general and the Prophet (peace be upon him) himself are subject to these situations.
In addition to this Quranic verses were coinciding with relevant events that happened at that time.
An example of this is what happened to Sayyidah Khaulah bint Tha’labah, a Muslim woman, who experienced an unusual divorce. She went to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) complaining about her situation. Shortly after that the first verses of Surah Al-Mujadila were revealed. The verses begin with Allah stating that He heard their conversation and then explaining how she should deal with this situation.
- To fulfill the needs of the Muslim community at different times
Moreover, the gradual revelation of the Quran was crucial to fulfill the needs of the Muslim community at different times. For instance, if you read the verses that were revealed in Mecca, you will notice that these verses are focusing on strengthening the belief in one God, as for the verses that were revealed later in Al-Madina, they were mainly concentrating on Islamic legislation and regulation. This shows that the gradual revelation of the Holy Quran was essential to meet the needs of the Muslim community at that time.
- To strengthen the hearts of Muslims
The revelation of the Holy Quran in stages allowed Muslims to understand the meanings of the Quran and apply it in their lives, it furthermore fortified the faith of the Prophet (PBUH) and the Muslims allowing the Quran to be rooted in their hearts. Hence, Allah (SWT) says:
Who arranged the holy Quran?
Speaking of the history of Quran writing and arrangement, it is worth knowing that whenever Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had a revelation he used to gather his scribes and dictate them each ayah.
During the reign of the Caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq the need for the compilation of the Quran arose due to the martyrdom of several companions who were memorizing the Quran, which made Umar bin-Khattab suggest the Quran compilation.
The Quran compilation process was supervised by Zaid bin Thabit who was one of the Quran scribes. To ensure the avoidance of any possible error, all the copies that were written during the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) we’re collected and compared with the completed version of the Holy Quran with utmost accuracy.
The complete version of the Quran was then kept with Caliph Abu Bakr Al Siddiq, then Umar bin Alkhattab, then with the mother of Mu’menin Hafsa bint Umar.
Later on, with the expansion of Islam into the Arabian states during the reign of Uthman Bin-Affan the need for a universal unified version of the Quran arose to prevent any sort of distortion that could happen due to varied Arabic dialects. The Caliph Uthman ordered Zaid bin Thabet to make several copies of the complete Quran ( the one with Hafsa) to send them to the new Islamic states. He then ordered all other Quranic texts to be removed to achieve a single perfect script of the Holy Quran.
No one denies that the Holy Quran is Allah’s everlasting miracle, which He guarded from all sorts of distortion to be the guide of every Muslim till the day of resurrection. But, how was the order of the Quran determined?
There is consensus that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the one who determined the order of Quranic verses, as for the order of Quran Surahs most of the Islamic scholars suggest that they were also arranged by the Prophet (PBUH) following the command of Allah (SWT) revealed to him through angel Jebreel (PBUH).
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Can I learn Quran by myself, or do I need an instructor to teach me the Quran? A question that might concern you, especially if Arabic is not your native language, you may find it hard to decide whether it is better to start learning Quran on your own or just join a Quran class to guide you through your study.
It is important before you decide the best Quran learning strategy is to specify your purpose of learning the Quran. The same thing applies to all your deeds as a Muslim, it all starts with your intention. In light of this article you will be able to choose the best way to learn the Holy Quran as well as the most efficient Quran learning strategies.
How did Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) learn the Quran?
If you wonder whether it is possible to learn the Quran by yourself or not, it is essential to discover how the Quran was initially revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
The Prophet used to spend extended periods of time in solitude worshiping God at the Hiraa cave outside of Makkah, according to his wife ‘A’ishah.
One day, Allah (SWT) sent angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) who was asked to read. “I cannot read”, the Prophet, who was illiterate, replied.
He took hold of me (the Apostle said) and pressed me, till I was hard pressed; thereafter he let me off and said: Recite. I said: I am not lettered. He then again took hold of me and pressed me for the second time till I was hard pressed and then let me off and said: Recite, to which I replied: I am not lettered.
He took hold of me and pressed me for the third time, till I was hard pressed and then let me go and said: “Recite in the name of your Lord Who created, created man from a clot of blood. Recite. And your most bountiful Lord is He Who taught the use of pen, taught man what he knew not” (al-Qur’an, Al Alaq 1-4). Sahih Muslim 160 a.
After receiving revelations, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would later recite it to his Companions, who also memorized it or wrote it down.
Before the Quran was available in its written form, reciting it from memory was the main method of teaching it to others. Since then, millions of Muslims worldwide have memorized the entire Holy Quran in the same way in spite of the availability of the written form of the Quran.
Can I memorize Quran by myself?
If you are still wondering if you can memorize the Quran by yourself, then the short answer to your question is “No” you cannot learn the Quran by yourself.
What we can conclude from the previously mentioned story of Quran revelation, is that the ideal way to learn the Quran is through listening to the Quran from an expert teacher then mimicking his recitation, then the teacher has to correct your recitation and so on.
Why do you need a Quran tutor?
Even if you are an Arab and want to recite the holy Quran with tajweed or want to understand its meanings, you still need a professional teacher or Sheikh who can help you to learn the Quran. Here are some of the benefits of having a Quran tutor.
- Quranic language is challenging
The Quran is written in the Arabic language, which is unique among other languages and more sensitive. If you pronounce a letter incorrectly, you could change the meaning of the Quran, which is something we don’t want to happen. Therefore, a qualified Quran tutor can help you avoid these mistakes and explain the meanings of the Quran verses.
- Learning with a teacher saves you a lot of time and effort
Learning the Quran by yourself can cost you a lot of time and effort. Since, you will need to search for a large number of study resources which is not an easy task to do. It will also take you some time to get used to the terminology used in tajweed books. This becomes way easier when you learn Quran with a teacher.
- It is hard to recognize your own mistakes
When you learn the Quran by yourself you may miss many mistakes that might be there in your recitation. It is often hard to listen to your own mistakes, especially errors in tajweed, therefore it is crucial to recite in front of a Sheikh to get your recitation corrected.
- Learning with a teacher makes you more committed to the Quran
When you learn the Quran with a teacher you become less liable to procrastinate, and this will help you excel better in your study. Having a fixed learning schedule will make you more committed to the Quran.
How to Easily Learn Quran by Yourself?
You may be asking how can I easily learn Quran by myself? Although learning the Quran by yourself is not the most effective way, yet it is advisable to regularly practice what you have learned from your teacher on your own. Reciting the Quran on a daily basis enables you to recite the Quran more confidently and fluently. Below are some useful tips that will help you learn the Quran easily.
- Renew your intention and fidelity to Allah.
- Practice the Quran daily.
- Regularly revise what you have already learned and write down notes with your common mistakes.
- Record your recitation to observe your mistakes.
- Continuously Listen to the Quran recitation by your favorite Sheikh.
- Teach what you have learned to your friends and family members, this will help you reinforce your memorization.
- Choose a study partner so that you remind each other of your daily tasks.
How should a beginner start reading the Quran?
As a beginner it is essential to find a qualified Quran teacher who will most probably start by teaching you the Arabic alphabet and the correct pronunciation of harakahs and voweled letters then you will proceed in learning other tajweed rules alongside with memorizing short surahs.
No one can deny the importance of Quran in Muslims’ lives. Hence, we should all save no effort to learn how to recite the Holy Quran with tajweed, comprehend its meanings and apply its teachings and morals in our daily lives.
Although learning Quran by yourself may seem more convenient in terms of the expenses and flexible schedules it actually costs you much time and effort, and rarely yields the desired results.
This is why Itqan Quran online academy offers you Quran memorization classes that you can attend from the comfort of your home, with the help of native Quran tutors and at reasonable prices.
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The Holy Quran is Allah’s word and the most valuable treasure that Allah granted us as Muslims. The importance of Quran is not limited to being a book of worship but it regulates all aspects of the life of every Muslim. Allah (SWT) said: “O, people! There has come to you advice from your Lord, and healing for what is in the hearts, and guidance and mercy for believers”. Surah Yunus 57.
In this article, you will get to know more about the importance of the Holy Quran and why learning the Quran is of great importance to you as a Muslim.
In this article, we will discuss:
Importance of Quran | Muslims’ Holy book
What is the importance of Quran in Islam?
- Quran is the word of Allah
- Importance of the Quran as evidence of prophethood
- Quran teaches us the Oneness of Allah
- Importance of Quran in Islamic legislation
- Importance of Quran in Muslim life
- Importance of Quran recitation in prayers
Hadith on importance of Quran
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What is the importance of Quran in Islam?
The Quran is a manual for living. It provides the fundamental guidelines for a man’s behavior. Its teachings embrace every aspect of life, including salvation both now and in the hereafter, Tawhid and nubuwwa, and the Prophet’s personal experience.
Quran is the fundamental source of legislation in Islam and it offers crucial guidelines for human behavior in politics, society, economics, and ethics. Here are some of the reasons why the Quran is so important in the life of Muslims.
- Quran is the word of Allah
Allah (SWT) said about the Quran: “A revelation from Him (Allah) Who has created the earth and high heavens”. Surah Taha 4. Hence, the greatness and importance of the Quran arise from the fact that it is a message from Allah, the one who created us and the whole universe, and the one who undoubtedly knows what would make us lead a happy and successful life. Only if you recognize that you would submit to Allah’s orders and prohibitions in the Quran.
- Importance of the Quran as evidence of prophethood
Quran is a timeless miracle in its beauty and inspirational nature. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) challenged the Arab society, which was proud of eloquence and poetry, to bring words that are equivalent to the Quran in eloquence, and strength, yet they failed to do so. This was clear evidence of prophet Mohammed’s (PBUH) prophethood.
Allah (SWT) challenged the prophet Muhammad’s opponents saying: “Say: If mankind and the jinn gathered together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they would not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants”. Surah A
- Quran teaches us the Oneness of Allah
The most important principle of the Holy Quran’s teachings is monotheism (Tawheed). The oneness of Allah, the guidance of Allah through prophets, and the resurrection, or life after death, are the three main concepts presented by the Quran. These ideas shape human life and assure that every Muslim lives a happy and prosperous life. The Quran also forewarns us of the severe consequences of unbelief.
The Quran teaches humans how to know Allah by outlining the simplest and most direct path. It invites them to study the significant indicators and manifestations of the power of Allah in nature. By reflecting on the grandiosity of Allah’s creation in the world around us, we can easily conclude that this creation is in no way a coincidence.
Allah (SWT) said: “And He it is Who spread the earth and made in it firm mountains and rivers, and of all fruits He has made in it two kinds; He makes the night cover the day; most surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect”. Surah Ar-Ra’d 3.
- Importance of Quran in Islamic legislation
The primary source of Islamic law, or Sharia, is the Quran. It lays the foundation for relationships between people—Muslim and non-Muslim—as well as between people and the rest of creation. It also contains the laws by which the Muslim world is governed.
The Sharia lays down the guidelines by which a Muslim society is run, as well as how conflicts between people and between people and the state are to be settled.
Muslims universally agree that the Quran is the foundation of Sharia and that its precise rules must be strictly followed. In other words, the Quran is not only a book of worship but a complete set of laws that govern the life of Muslims at all times.
- Importance of Quran in Muslim life
Allah (SWT) sent prophet Muhammad (PBUH), His final prophet, in order to transmit His messages to humanity, reveal His existence to them, and instruct them on what they should and should not do. This highlights the Quran’s significance even more.
Through the Quran, we get to know about the pillars of Iman which are: the belief in God, the angels, the prophets, Allah’s books, Qada’ and Qadar (doom and decree), and the day of resurrection (Qiyamah). This knowledge paves our way to becoming good Muslims and entering paradise.
- Importance of Quran recitation in prayers:
In order to perform prayers you should at least learn how to correctly recite Surah Al-Fatihah and two short surahs with proper rules of tajweed.
Ubadah bin As-Samit narrated: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “There is no Salah for one who does not recite Fatihatil-Kitab or more.” Sunan an-Nasa’i 911.
Therefore, if you are a new Muslim you should start learning the verses of Surah Al-Fatihah as soon as possible in order to be able to perform Salah which is considered one of the pillars of Islam.
7. The importance of Quran in Muslim’s daily life:
The Quran is a cure for both physical and psychological ailments. Being connected to the Quran on a daily basis provides you tranquility and peace of mind.
Allah (SWT) said: “Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah, and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest” Surah Ar-Ra‘d 28. Therefore, it is advisable for you as a Muslim to recite a daily portion of Quran (daily Wird) to keep close to Allah at all times.
Hadith on importance of Quran
Many Hadiths emphasize the importance of learning Quran.One of which is the hadith reported by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (PBUH) said;
“There was not a Prophet from amongst the Prophets, except that he was given the like of (miracles) upon which people believed. (As for me), I have been given Wahy (Divine Inspiration) which Allah has revealed to me, and therefore, I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.”
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Now that you know the importance of the Quran, it is time to take a step towards knowing how to correctly recite it by learning the rules of tajweed, then trying to understand the meaning of its verses and most importantly implementing the morals and virtues of the Quran in your daily life.
Benefits of Memorizing Quran are infinite, which make it one of the best acts of worship a Muslim can do. When you memorize the Quran, you not only gain hasanat but also you purify your soul, and achieve many other advantages that you won’t even imagine. In this article we will discuss in detail some of these benefits, and how Quran memorization can be your key to happiness in your lifetime and the hereafter.
What are the benefits of Memorizing the Quran?
The Quran and sunnah of our beloved prophet Muhammad (PBUH) highlighted the various benefits of Quran memorization, Quran is a source of honor and protection from hellfire, it improves your mind, soul, and body’s health, gives honor to your parents and many other benefits that you will come to know about through this article.
1- Quran is the best remedy for stress and anxiety
Through memorizing the Quran and comprehending the words of Allah (SWT), you are continually reminded that only Allah (SWT) has authority over your life and He has a plan for every one of us. Even the seemingly insignificant things that occur to us are all a part of the larger and more ideal plan that our Lord has for us. Then, you will be aware of God’s protection and His control over all things. Allah (SWT) said: “Say, ‘It is, for those who believe, a guidance and cure.’’ (Quran 41:44).
Hence, having the Quran in your heart provides you a feeling of tranquility and peace. This will protect you from sadness, worries, and depression.
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) used to ask Allah (SWT) to make the Qur’an the spring of his heart, and the light of his chest, the banisher of his sadness, and the reliever of his distress.
2- The Quran is a cure for physical ailments
Another advantage of memorizing the Quran is that it is a cure for the physical illnesses by the will of Allah (SWT). The Prophet (PBUH) advised his followers to recite the Quran, blow it into their palms, and then rub their hands all over their bodies when they were ill. They would no longer have any physical illnesses as a result. Surah Ikhlas and Surah Falak were the most beneficial surahs to read while being ill. The Prophet would recite the Quran and blow it over sick members of his family, seeking cure from Allah (SWT).
3- Being one of the people of Allah
Another benefit of memorizing the Quran is that the people who are connected to the Quran are considered the people of Allah. As Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH), said, “Verily, Allah has His own people among humanity.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, who are they?” The Prophet said, “They are the people of the Quran, the people of Allah and His chosen ones.”
4- Protecting Quran from corruption
Allah has guarded the Quran not only by being written in books, but also in the chests of thousands of Muslims all around the world. A “hafiz” in Arabic means the one who protects. Allah (swt) said in the holy Quran: “It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it. When you memorize the Quran you will achieve the honor of being one of those who guard the Quran against all sorts of corruption or distortion.
5- Quran Hafiz honors his parents
On the day of judgment, the parents of the hafiz will wear a crown as a reward for supporting and helping their son or daughter in memorizing the Quran. In addition to that, the hafiz will be able to intercede on behalf of ten of his family members to accompany him in Jannah.
6- An opportunity to reflect deeply on the Quran
One of the benefits of Quran memorization is that it gives you a greater opportunity to be in consistent connection with the Quran and to develop a deeper understanding of the Quran. This is because memorization requires repetition and continuous revision of the Quran verses.
7- Quran is your intercessor on the day of judgment
This is absolutely one of the greatest advantages of Quran memorization since many Hadiths prove that the Quran intercedes for its companions on the Day of Resurrection. It was narrated that our Prophet (PBUH) said: “Read the Quran, for it will come on the Day of Resurrection interceding for its companions.”
8- Being in the company of the angels
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Quran will be with the honorable and obedient scribes (angels), and he who recites the Quran and finds it difficult to recite, doing his best to recite it in the best way possible, will have two rewards.”
Therefore, learning tajweed rules and memorizing the Quran is your way to earn this great honor and be in the company of angels.
9- Quran memorization raises your rank in jannah:
The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The one who was devoted to the Quran will be told on the Day of Resurrection: ‘Recite and ascend (in ranks) as you used to recite when you were in the world. Your rank will be at the last Ayah you recite.’
This is a great benefit of Quran memorization that you should not miss. Being a “Hafiz” provides you a chance to enter the”Firdaws” which is the highest rank of Jannah.
10- Does memorizing the Quran improve memory?
The answer to this question is definitely, yes. In addition to the divine rewards of Quran memorization, many studies have shown that memorizing large texts such as the Quran can boost your working memory and improve your IQ.
Just the same way muscular training strengthens your muscles, Quran memorization trains your brain to retain more information. This is the same concept the doctors rely on while encouraging Alzheimer’s patients to solve crossword puzzles.
There are numerous benefits of Quran memorization. It is a cure to physical and spiritual illnesses, a source of honor for you and for your parents on the day of judgment and a treasure of good deeds.
Itqan Quran online Quran academy helps you make your dream of becoming a “Hafiz” come true; by providing one-to-one and group Quran memorization classes by native Quran tutors at a budget-friendly cost.
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The Holy Quran is the divine book sent to guide us to the right path. Every Muslim needs to learn the tajweed rules of the Qur’an to get closer to Allah and to be able to recite and comprehend Allah’s message.
The word “tajweed” linguistically means to improve or make something better, while practically it refers to the correct pronunciation of each letter of the holy Quran, giving the letter its right regarding its origin and characteristics.
In this article, we will review the Quran rules of tajweed with practical examples that will help you recite the Quran fluently and with minimal effort.
We will discuss in brief some of the basic rules for tajweed including:
- Rules of Noon sakinah and tanween.
- Rules of Meem sakinah.
- Rules of Noon and Meem with shaddah.
- Lengthening (Madd).
What is the definition of Qalqalah?
Linguistic definition: it is a disturbance or shaking.
Applied definition: it is a disturbance of the letter when it is non-voweled until a strong accent is heard when it is articulated by the parting of the 2 components of the articulating parts, not by collision, without any mouth opening, or lips circling, or jaw lowering.
What are the letters of Qalqalah?
The letters of Qalqalah are 5 letters which are: ( ق- ط- ب- ج- د ).
These letters are usually summed in the word (قطبجد).
What are the types of Qalqalah?
Qalqalah is divided into three classes that can be summarized as follows:
- The Lesser Qalqalah:
This occurs when the letter of qalqalah in is the middle of a word, as in:
( وخلقناكم أزواجًا )
- The Intermediate Qalqalah:
It occurs when the letter of qalqalah is at the end of a word, without a shaddah, and we are stopping on that word as in:
(والله من ورائهم محيط )
- The Greater Qalqalah:
This happens when the letter of qalqalah is the last letter of a word, and we are stopping on that word and this letter has a shaddah as in:
( قال رب احكم بالحق )
What is the difference between the 3 types of Qalqalah?
The difference between the classes of qalqalah is that there is more ringing sound that accompanies the letter of qalqalah when it has a shaddah and we are stopping on it.
Practical examples of Qalqalah:
- ٱقۡرَأۡ بِٱسۡمِ رَبِّكَ ٱلَّذِی خَلَقَ – (ق)
- ٱلَّذِیۤ أَطۡعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعࣲ وَءَامَنَهُم مِّنۡ خَوۡفِۭ – (ط)
- وَٱلۡعَـٰدِیَـٰتِ ضَبۡحا – (ب)
- إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ ٱلرُّجۡعَىٰۤ – (ج)
- وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا هِيَهْ – (د)
Rules of Noon Sakinah and Tanween
The second rule for tajweed that we will cover is the rule of Noon sakinah and tanween, which is classified into 4 categories according to the letter that comes after them.
What are the 4 rules of Noon sakinah and tanween?
- Izhaar halqi.
- Ikhfaa Haqiqi.
What is the definition of Izhaar halqi?
Linguistic definition: being clear or obvious.
Applied definition: Pronouncing every letter from its articulation point without a
ghunnah on the clear letter.
What are the letters of Izhaar Halqi?
Izhaar halqi has six letters which are: ( ء- ه – ع – ح – غ -خ ). Tajweed scholars summed the letters of Izhaar in the initial letters of each word of the following phrase:
( أخي هاك علمًا حازه غير خاسر )
In order to apply the Izhaar rule correctly, you should clearly pronounce the Noon sakinah or tanween without ghunnah in case they are followed by any of the six letters of Izhaar.
Practical examples of Izhaar Halqi:
Here are some examples of the tajweed rule of the Izhaar halqi for you to practice, notice the presence of Noon sakinah or tanween with Izhaar letters following them.
- مَنْ آمَنَ.
- مِنْ هَادٍ.
- جُرُفٍ هَارٍ.
What is the definition of Idgham?
Linguistic definition: insertion, or merging.
Applied definition: it is the meeting of a non-vowel letter with a vowel letter, so
that the two letters become one emphasized letter similar to the second.
What are the Idgham letters?
Idgham has six letters which are (ي، ر، م، ل، و، ن), these letters make the word (يرملون).
What are the types of Idgham?
According to the letter following the Noon sakinah or tanween, there are two types of Idgham that can be summarized as follows:
- Idgham with ghunnah:
It means merging the sound of Noon sakinah or tanween with the letter following them with reservation of ghunnah sound, This is usually referred to as incomplete Idgham and it applies to the four letters of Idgham summed in the word ( ينمو ) or (ي- ن – م – و ).
- من يعمل ، قومٍ يؤمنون
- من نعمة ، يومئذٍ ناعمة
- من مال ، آياتٍ مبينات
- من وليٍ ولا نصير
There are 4 cases in the Quran where we do not follow the tajweed rule of Idgham without ghunnah despite the presence of Noon sakinah followed by the letters (ي ، و ).This is due to their presence within a single word. Tajweed scholars call this case “absolute Izhaar”.
The four examples of absolute Izhaar are:
- دنيا، بنيان.
- قنوان، صنوان.
- Idgham without ghunnah:
It means complete merging of Noon sakinah or tanween with the Idgham letter following them devoid of any ghunnah sound. It is referred to as “ complete Idgham”.
The letters of Idgham without ghunnah are( ل، ر ).
- من لبن ، سائغاً للشاربين.
- من ربهم ، غفورٌ رحيم .
What is the definition of Iqlab?
Linguistic definition: to change or convert.
Applied definition: In the rules of tajweed Iqlab means the conversion of Noon saakinah or the tanween into a Meem,
when followed by the letter ba’ (ب) with the preservation of the ghunnah, and hiding of the Meem.
What are the Iqlab letters?
Iqlab has only one letter which is the ba’ (ب). If the letter baa’ occurs after Noon sakinah in the same word, or between two words, it should be changed into a hidden Meem, with ghunnah preservation.
The Noon saakinah is converted into a Meem in pronunciation, but not in the written word. In this case, you may note that a small Meem is written over or under the Noon or instead of one of the dhammas or lines of tanween.
Examples of Iqlab:
- قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنبِئْهُم بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ
- كَلَّا لَيُنْبَذَنَّ فِي الْحُطَمَةِ
- يُنْبِتُ لَكُمْ
- وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مِنَ الأنْبَاءِ
What is the definition of Ikhfaa Haqiqi?
Linguistic definition: concealment or hiding.
Applied definition: The pronunciation of Noon sakinah or tanween somewhere between Izhaar and Idgham, with a ghunnah remaining on the first letter, and stripped of any shaddah.
What are the letters of Ikhfaa Haqiqi?
Its letters are fifteen in number; which are the first letters of each of the following words:
صِفْ ذَا ثَنَا كَمْ جَادَ شَخْصٌ قَدْ سَمَا
دُم طَيِّبًا زِدْ فِي تُقًى ضَعْ ظَالِمًا
If any of these letters follows the Noon saakinah in the same word, or follows the tanween at the beginning of the next word, then the Noon sound must be hidden. We call this ikhfaa Haqiqi.
Practical examples of Ikhfaa Haqiqi:
- أنْصَار / عنْ صلاتهم
- أَنْذِر قومك / مَنْ ذَا الذي
- أَنْذِر قومك / مَنْ ذَا الذي
- الإِنْسان / ولئنْ سَألتهم
- زَنْجَبيلاَ / إنْ جَاءَكم
Tajweed Rules of Meem Sakinah
What is the definition of Meem sakinah?
It is a Meem devoid of any harakah (vowel), and has a fixed sukoon when continuing reading and when stopping. Meem sakinah can be in the middle or at the end of a word.
Tajweed rules of Meem sakinah include:
- Izhaar Shafawi.
- Ikhfaa Shafawi.
- Minor merging/ Idgham of identical letters.
- Izhar Shafawi ( الإظهار الشفوي ):
Definition of Izhaar Shafawi:
Its linguistic definition: clear, or obvious.
Its applied definition: pronunciation of each letter from its articulation point without any ghunnah on the clear letter. This can be in a single word, or between two words.
Letters of Izhaar Shafawi:
Its letters: 26 letters, i.e, the remaining Arabic letters after exclusion of ikhfaa and Idgham letters.
Examples of Izhaar Shafawi:
- فَوۡقَكُمۡ سَبۡعٗا
- أَلَمۡ نَجۡعَلِ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِهَٰدٗا
- عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ
- عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ
- Ikhfaa Shafawi: (الإخفاء الشفوي )
Definition of Ikhfaa Shafawi:
Its linguistic definition: hiding or concealment.
Its applied definition: The pronunciation of Meem sakinah, stripped of any ‘”shaddah” with preservation of ghunnah. It is characterized by being between clear Izhaar and merged Idgham.
Letters of Ikhfaa Shafawi:
It has one letter which is the baa’ (ب)
If a Meem sakinah is followed immediately by a baa’, and this only occurs between
two words, then we hide the Meem and pronounce it accompanied by ghunnah. This is called “ikhfaa Shafawi”. We call it ikhfaa because the Meem is hidden. It is called “Shafawi” because the Meem is articulated from the two lips.
Examples of Ikhfaa Shafawi:
- الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُم بِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ
- وَلَقَدْ أَنذَرَهُم بَطْشَتَنَا فَتَمَارَوْا بِالنُّذُرِ
- Minor Idgham of identical letters: (إدغام المتماثلين الصغير)
Definition of minor Idgham:
Its linguistic definition: Insertion, or merging.
Its applied definition: The meeting of Meem sakinah with a voweled Meem in the same word, or between two words. In this case we are required to merge the Meem sakinah into the voweled Meem, which then acquires a shaddah.
It is called minor because the Meem sakinah is inserted into the Meem with a vowel. It is called identical because the letter merged and the letter being merged to share the same articulation points and characteristics, which is the Meem.
Letters of minor Idgham:
Small Idgham has only one letter which is the Meem (م).
Examples of minor Idgham:
- إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
- قَدْ جَاءتْكُـم مَّـوْعِظَةٌ
- وَكَمْ مِنْ مَلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ
- وَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمْ مَاءً فُرَاتًا
Rules of Noon and Meem with Shaddah
What is Noon and Meem mushadada?
It is a Meem (م) or Noon (ن) that has a shaddah (ْ) on it. It is originally composed of two Meems or two Noons – one is sakin and the other has a harakah (voweled).
When these two Meems or Noons meet we merge the sakin letter and harakah letter to become one letter with a shaddah.
What is the tajweed rule for Noon and Meem with shaddah?
Meem and Noon with shaddah should be pronounced with a complete ghunnah sound which extends for two harakahs (2 finger counts duration).
Note that: Ghunnah is a fine sound that originates from the nasal passage.
Practical examples on Noon and Meem with shaddah:
- ومن نّعمره.
- من مّال.
Lengthening Rules (Madd)
What is the definition of Madd?
Linguistic definition: addition.
Applied definition: voice extension during pronunciation of one of the Madd letters.
What are the letters of Madd?
There are three Madd letters which are combined in the word “نوحيها”. The three letters are:
- Alif sakinah preceded by fatth (ا).
- Yaa’ sakinah preceded by kasr.(ي).
- Waw sakinah preceded by dhamm (و).
What are the types of Madd?
There are two main types of Madd. The tajweed rules for Madd can be summarized as follows:
First: Natural lengthening (primary Madd – Madd asli):
The letter does not exist without the pronunciation of this type of Madd. Its duration is two harakahs (two finger counts).
Natural Madd includes:
- Compensate Madd (مد العوض).
- Substitute Madd (مد البدل).
- Minor connecting Madd (مد الصلة الصغرى).
Second: Secondary Madd:
It is extension of natural made due to the presence of a hamza (ء) or sukoon (silent letter).
- Madd due to hamza, which includes:
- Major connecting Madd (مد الصلة الكبرى).
- Permissible separate Madd (المد الجائز المنفصل).
- Obligatory connecting Madd (المد الواجب المتصل).
- Madd due to sukoon, which includes:
- Heavy required Lettered Madd (المد اللازم الحرفي المثقل).
- Light required lettered Madd (المد اللازم الحرفي المخفف).
- Heavy required word Madd (المد اللازم الكلمي المثقل).
- Light required word Madd (المد اللازم الكلمي المخفف).
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